Microsoft Windows 7
Windows 7 is the successor to Windows Vista, which was meant to be a big improvement to Windows XP. After a lukewarm reception, mainly because numerous problems with the Vista operating system surfaced even before its debut, many users and organizations decided not to upgrade from Windows XP. Windows 7 changes all that. It is a stable, reliable operating system that brings a wealth of new features and benefits to the personal computer. And in many cases, Windows 7 will run just fine on a computer currently running Windows XP.
- Microsoft ended full support for Windows XP on April 14, 2009. Previously released security updates are still available, but no new ones will be published.
- Windows 7 includes the Aero interface that allows you to preview open windows and documents via the taskbar. You can also “snap” windows to the side or top of the screen, and “shake” a window to leave it displayed while minimizing all others.
- The revamped Windows 7 taskbar is more user friendly. You can pin applications to it, and select an action from a jump list.
- You can add gadgets to the Windows 7 desktop for greater efficiency. Dozens of free gadgets are available for download.
- Windows 7 includes libraries, locations that monitor and display all the files of a particular type from other folders that you specify.
- Windows 7 offers easy, intuitive search tools so you can find files and information faster. You can search right from the Start menu or from any Explorer or library window.
- Internet Explorer 8 offers safer, more private browsing with improved searching.
- Windows 7 offers easier, more automatic networking.
- Windows XP Mode: a free, downloadable tool that enables you to run Windows XP software in a “native” XP environment within Windows 7.
- To upgrade to Windows 7 from XP, you will need to select the “Custom” option during the installation
- The “Custom” option is more complex and does not preserve your programs, files or settings and may take up to a couple of hours to complete
- You will need to move your files off of your PC. Windows recommends you use an external hard disk along with Windows Easy Transfer . You can manually do it yourself using your network drive, CD’s, DVD’S or a USB flash drive.
- Windows also recommends using the Windows 7 Upgrade Advisor to help scan for potential compatibility problems with your computer’s hardware, devices or programs that could conflict with the instillation process.
Before you begin you should:
- Be connected to the internet to receive updates during the installation process (you can still install Windows 7 without internet access)
- Update your anti-virus software, then turn it off before the installation process
- Locate your 25 character windows product key. It is located on the disc holder inside the Windows 7package. If purchased online, it should be located in a confirmation email
- Insert Windows 7 disc into your computer. Setup should automatically start, if not click “Start” then “My Computer” then open the Windows 7 installation disc on your DVD Drive. If Windows 7 is located on a flash drive, insert the flash drive.
- On the “Install Windows” page, click “Install Now”
- If connected to the internet, Windows recommends you receive the latest updates to help ensure a successful instillation process and protect your computer against security steps. You can do this on the ” Get important updates for installation” page.
- Click ” I accept the license terms” if you accept the the terms on the ” Please read the license terms” page. then click “Next”
- On the ” Which type of instillation do you want page” select “Custom” ( Read above information about “Custom” to ensure you do not lose any files)
- Choose the partition containing windows XP ( Often is the C: Drive) and click ” Next” ( Make sure you do not select your external hard drive or USB if using one)
- In the “Windows.old” dialog box. click “OK”
- Follow the instructions to finish installing Windows 7. This includes naming your computer and setting up an initial user account.
The system requirements for running Windows 7 vary slightly depending on whether you have a 32-bit or 64-bit system:
- CPU: 1 gigahertz (GHz) or faster, whether 32-bit or 64-bit
- Random access memory (RAM, or system memory): 1 gigabyte (GB) for a 32-bit system, 2 GB for a 64-bit system
- Hard disk space (storage): 16 GB for a 32-bit version, 20 GB for a 64-bit version
- Graphics (display device): DirectX 9 with Windows Display Driver Model (WDDM) 1.0 or higher driver
- Other capabilities, as applicable: For example, recording video requires a TV tuner, audio output is needed to play music or other audio, network capabilities require network hardware and so on
To run Windows XP Mode, a PC’s CPU must support virtualization (Intel VT or AMD-V) and have it turned on. The PC also requires an additional 1 GB of RAM and 15 GB of hard disk space.
To reduce the number of unnecessary files on your hard disk, in order to free up disk space and allow your computer to run faster use the Disk Cleanup tool on your computer
- Click the Start button ( Windows Icon) and type ” Disk Cleanup” in the Search box
- Select ” Disk Cleanup”
- In the Drives list select which drive you would like to cleanup
- In the “Disk Cleanup” dialog box, make sure the following are checked:
- Downloaded Program Files
- Temporary Internet Files
- Microsoft Office Temporary Files
- Microsoft Error Reporting Temporary Files
- Recycle Bin
- Setup Log Files
- Temporary Files
- WebClient/Publisher Temporary Files
- Temporary Offline Files
- Compress old files
- In the message box, click ” Delete Files”
The Disk Defragmenter tool works to rearrange fragmented data to allow your hard disk and drive to run more efficiently. Disk Defragmenter runs on its own schedule, but you can manually analyze and defragment your disks and drives at anytime.
- Click the Start button ( Windows Icon) and type ” Disk Defragmenter” in the search box
- Under Current status select the disk you would like to defragment
- Click “Analyze disk”, following the disk analysis, check the percentage of fragmentation on the disk in the “Last Run” column. If the percentage is above 10% then you should defragment the disk
- Click “Defragment Disk”, this may take several minutes to a few hours, Windows 7 does allow you to use your computer during the defragmentation process